ENGL102 logoENGL 101
English Composition I
Home Page >> Lecture Notes >> Compare/Contrast


Compare / Contrast

Comparison is finding similarities in items that appear to be different: apples/oranges

Contrast is finding differences in items that appear to be the same: red delicious/braeburn






Your purpose affects the preference

Cats versus Dogs –
– As pets
– As Guardians of Home
– As companions
– As pest control





Subject by Subject Organization

Intro – set up purpose/audience

Subject A – explanation/description

– Criteria 1 – how it fits

– Criteria 2 – how it fits

Subject B – explanation/description

– Criteria 1 – how it fits

– Criteria 2 – how it fits

Conclusion – ties everything together – does the head-to-head comparison (long)


Point by Point Organization

Introduction – sets up purpose/audience

Criteria 1 – explanation/definition

– Subject A – how it fits (if it fits)

– Subject B – how it fits (if it fits)

Criteria 2 – explanation/definition

– Subject A – how it fits (if it fits)

– Subject B – how it fits (if it fits)

Conclusion – tallies up the comparisons – pulls everything together (usually shorter)


Mixed Organization

Introduction—sets up purpose/audience

Subject A – explanation/description

Subject B – explanation/description

Criteria 1 –explanation/definition

– Subject A

– Subject B

Criteria 2 – explanation/definition

– Subject A

– Subject B

Conclusion – ties everything together


Mixed Organization

Introduction—sets up purpose/audience

Criteria 1 – show how it is really same for Subject A and B

Subject A – how different from B

– Criteria 2 –

– Criteria 3

Subject B—how different from A

– Criteria 2

– Criteria 3

Conclusion – ties it all together